Sustainable Public Procurement Framework with focus on Room Air-conditioners.

Procurement is an integral part of governance and the financial management system in a country. Public procurement wields enormous purchasing power, and in 2013 it accounted for 20-30 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) of India (UNODC 2013). Leveraging the purchasing power by promoting public procurement practices that are sustainable, in accordance with national policies and priorities, plays a key role in achieving Sustainable Consumption and Production (SDG 12) and in addressing the three pillars of Sustainable Development.

In April 2018, the Department of Expenditure (DoE) constituted a Task Force on Sustainable Public Procurement (SPP) comprising of members from Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC), Ministry of Railways (MoR), Government e-Marketplace (GeM), Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS), Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE). United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) is supporting the Ministry of Finance (MoF) to conduct studies for product prioritization and market assessment.

MAITREE is providing technical assistance for the Government’s sustainable public procurement policy with a special focus on room air-conditioners. MAITREE is also working towards capacity building through creating awareness on life cycle assessment based public procurement.

The activities aim at creating an enabling environment for procurement of sustainable products, services and works and increasing the demand and further stimulating the market of goods and services which offer improved environmental and social performance. This resulted in;

  1. Developed a Sustainable Public Procurement Framework in line with the European Union (EU) Green Public Procurement (GPP) framework for procurement of all products, services and works procured by government & public sector entities.
  2. Developed detailed sustainable criteria and evaluation process for room air-conditioners.
  3. Conducted a training program for key decision makers and stakeholders on Life Cycle Assessments (LCA) for Sustainable Public Procurement
  4. Conducted a market readiness analysis on sustainability criteria recommended for room air conditioners.
  5. Institutional strengthening of GeM (Government e-Marketplace); which included developing of TOR (Terms of Reference) and scope for appointment of a sustainability consultant at GeM.

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